The most conventional mattresses will be made out of 2 primary layers, which are the bottom support layer and the top comfort layer. The entire mattress will then be wrapped up in a fabric cover. This is what you’ll see in most mattresses that are in the budget category. Bump up the price range a little bit and a new array of mattress choices will be available to you.
Some of the cheapest mattresses that exist today would be the common innerspring mattress. An innerspring mattress usually has 3 core components, which are the foundation, the spring layer and the upholstery layer. The foundation is almost always made out of polyfoam since it’s low-cost and provides enough support for regular users. Of course, some of the lower range models even has a foundation that’s entirely built out of wood. This is basically put in to give the illusion of a raised bed than anything. When it comes to the core though, this is where things get a little more interesting.
The mattress’s core is essentially the most important support layer of the mattress. Other mattresses, in comparison to the innerspring mattress, will often have a thick layer of foam that makes up this particular layer. Innerspring mattresses, on the other hand, use coil springs that are usually made out of steel. The number of cores as well as the gauge will be the primary determinants of how firm the mattress feels. Generally, a coil with a higher gauge with feel softer than a coil with a lower gauge. A lower gauge coil also means that less material is needed to manufacture it since it’s a lot thinner in terms of its width. This, in essence, allows the cost of manufacturing the mattress to be lowered as well and this can be reflected in its final selling price. This is precisely why you’ll find that the more expensive an innerspring mattress is, the softer or more comfortable it’ll almost always feel. The size of the mattress is just as important especially for couples sharing a bed. You wouldn’t want to have to fight over space at night because that can be bad for both your health and relationship. Try not to scrimp here. Go for a king size mattress if your budget (and room space) permits. Check out these awesome king mattresses! Come on, they aren’t terribly expensive.
The upholstery (top) layer of the mattress is where most of the comfort is focused upon. This is the single most important layer of the entire mattress since it affects how most people perceive the mattress. It is also the first layer that comes into contact with our bodies and will leave the strongest impression on us. Most manufacturers get creative here and even innerspring mattresses can have a memory foam layer on the top as a “hybrid” design. This allows the manufacturers to market the mattress as a memory foam mattress as compared to the less preferred innerspring version. For some of the best through and through memory foam mattresses, click here.
From visco-elastic foam all the way to wool fiber and more, you’ll have to decide which it is you prefer as the top layer. The firmness here will depend on how thick the layer is. Usually, if the thickness of the mattress is higher, the firmer it will become. To be fair, it also depends on the type of material that’s being used but that becomes a little more complicated than most people would bother with, so I’d just leave it at that.